Cats Do not Sleep tips for Gratuitous at Home

Cats Sleep photo

Photo by Chloe Bray

One of the most annoying behavior of pets, especially cats, they often sleep any.

Sofa living room, television room sofa, even our own bed often used a pet cat to sleep. It is certainly annoying, making the room dirty because the feathers often fall out and left on the furniture.
You may have to buy a bed for your cat, but ended in vain because the cat does not like or did not even touch the bed altogether new.

So that it did not happen, there are several ways that you can do to make your cat feel at home sleeping in his own place.
The following tips:
1. Forced early

Your cat should be familiarized in advance to recognize the new place. It took a bit of coercion to do so. The trick, when you started sleeping cat in any place, move him to his bed.

If he comes back to another place, move back to his bed. Do it continuously. This time they will make it trained and understand where he should sleep.

2. Tempeli with smell

Wipe-wipe board stretcher your cat’s body, so that the smell of his body attached to the bed. With so cats will not feel strange if it was in his own bed and can feel comfortable.

3. Put it in his favorite corner

Put the bed in a corner or a favorite corner. Cats usually have a favorite place to sleep. Cats usually like cold corners and close to walls. If your cat likes to sleep in your room, it is not what put his bed in your room first.

4. Add favorite toy

For starters, you have to get him to play in his bed. Perform all activities play in his bed. This is to accustom him to know his new bed.

Then put some of her favorite toys on the bed. Toys commonly bitten and played by him could also add to the smell that stuck in her new bed.

A Paralyzed Dog When Euthanasia Is Simply Not The Option

Having a paralyzed dog is usually a demanding and tragic experience especially when your pet dog companion has been along with you for countless years. Yet somehow you dont have to put your own trustworthy good friend to rest. Though euthanasia had been the common course of action in the matter of paralyzed dogs it is not really the only choice.

In the instance that your pet dog in perfect shape except for the paralysis, there are alternatives amenable to your four-legged friend and also you. One particular solution might be utilising a dog wheelchair.Best Friend Mobility dog wheelchairs are tailor made to every pet and therefore made available at cost-effective price points. Developed by a veterinary orthopedic surgeon, a Best Friend Mobility dog wheel chair can aid your canine keep on its energetic everyday life and also provide you with considerably more years of companionship.Numerous tips to help you as well as your paralyzed dog cope

1. Request your dogs vet for more tips with reference to buying a dog wheelchair.Your own dogs veterinarian knows much more about your pets state than you do. A animal medical practitioner can really help your canine friend obtain the hang of having a dog wheelchair. A vet can also advise adjustments which will be helpful to your own animal’s healing and ease and comfort.

2. Work with your dog on treatment options.Physical therapy and also therapy can aid your pet dog. A dog wheelchair can maintain dog active through giving mobility aid. A few vertebral injuries or neurological problems can improve with physical therapy.

3. Utilise doggie nappies first.A Best Friend Mobility dog wheelchair will grant your canine to complete everyday doggie activities even though buckled in. Then again, although your pet is still getting used to its wheel chair, have it utilize a doggie diaper. This could limit mishaps for you to clean up.

4. Play and work along with your canine friend.A paralyzed dog looks ahead to playing and undertaking things with its person just as much as a walking dog does. Do not ever divest your pet of a chance to play with you. A dog wheel chair could certainly allow your pet spend playtime with you, retrieve the papers, and patrol your hedge as it normally does.

5. Shower your paralyzed dog with love.Love can perform miracles on your dog. Pet, shower it with devotion, give it praise, or encourage it with treats.

Animals Are A Human’s Best Friend- And They Need Better Care Too

Animals photo

Photo by © Axel Naud

It is no secret that animals are deemed as the best companions that human beings can have. Having a pet is as ancient as civilization itself and the phenomenon are continuing till date. The species on earth have found mutual harmony in their shared existence and that is something that nature intended to be. But, not always are the loyal companions of the human beings are treated with the amount of care that they surely deserve. It is heartbreaking to see that many animals succumb to untimely death, thanks to the deprivation of the very basic health care that is needed.

In developed and developing countries animal wellness is a major social issue with people being more aware about the upkeep of their pets. As the owners, it goes beyond just feeding the pet. One has to make sure that their pets are in the best hygiene condition and also maintains the basic good health parameters. Timely and regular checkups are the keywords here by virtue of which pet owners can resist a number of ailments in their pets. There are numbers of veterinary clinics or animal hospitals about in any major metropolis and even in the suburbs. It only takes a little effort from the viewpoint of the pet owners to take their pets for diagnosis in a few months time.

Much progress has been made in the field of veterinary science in recent times and that is something that will come to the aid of pet owners in the near future. The one aspect of animal science that has made much improvement is surgeries in animal hospitals. Advanced means of life saving surgeries like amputation and more are now possible without much danger to the animals life. This essentially means some more years of life for the animals, even if they attain an injury.

It is evident from the decreasing death rates among animals in developing countries that the steps towards animal wellness are yielding good results. Much work is still to be done; given the advancement in veterinary science is recent years. One can only expect the situation in developing countries to better in times to come. It is the government too who can play a vital role in the overall scheme of things. Grants alone wont do as regular supervision is also necessary. There is a fine line in splurging and optimum use, especially when it comes to animal wellness. That fine line can only be maintained by proper intervention from the government.

KOIN – 3G WiFi Tracker Router Manufacturer – Pet Tracker Manufacturer

History Radio origins KOIN began in 1925 as a radio station, KOIN-AM. It became part of the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), now known as the CBS Radio Network, in 1930. During the golden years of radio, KOIN-AM was one of Portland’s major radio stations, with an extensive array of local programming, including live music from its own studio orchestra. As a CBS radio affiliate, KOIN-AM was the local home for CBS radio network programs such as the CBS World News Roundup, Lux Radio Theater, and Suspense (KOIN’s own history page has omissions and errors in its early days. KOIN radio signed on the air as KQP on November 9, 1925 and changed call sign to KOIN on April 12, 1926. KOIN became a CBS Radio affiliate on September 1, 1929. From: Craig Adams, radio historian). Television station KOIN-TV began operating on October 15, 1953 as Portland’s first VHF TV station. At the time, it was owned by Mount Hood Radio and Television, a group that included Advance Publications, owner and publisher of The (Portland) Oregonian; local investors and Marshall Field’s department stores.[citation needed] The Oregonian also owned KOIN radio (AM 970 and 101.1 FM). Eventually, Marshall Field sold its stake to Advance. KOIN-AM (now KCMD) and KOIN-FM (now KUFO) were sold off when Lee Enterprises purchased KOIN from Mt Hood broadcasting in October 1977. A year later a production company MIRA Mobile Television was founded. On February 28, 1971, both transmitter towers used by KOIN-FM and KOIN-TVhe 1,000-foot main tower and the 700-foot auxiliary towerollapsed during an ice and wind storm. The two KOIN (AM) towers, located on the same property, were not damaged. Nine days later, on March 9, 1971, KOIN-FM and KOIN-TV returned to the air when a temporary tower was erected on the site of the collapsed auxiliary tower. During those nine days off the air, CBS programming was provided to the Portland market (and, by extension, most of Oregon) by independent station KVDO-TV of Salem. (Oregon Public Broadcasting later purchased KVDO and moved the station to Bend as KOAB-TV. During the 1970s, KOIN had a few locally-produced programs on the air, including KOIN Kitchen (cooking show), and public affairs programs such as News Conference Six and Northwest Illustrated.[citation needed]) In 1976, KOIN-TV became the second TV station in the Portland market (after KPTV) to broadcast Portland Trail Blazers basketball games. Selected Trail Blazer games aired on KOIN-TV until 1996. KOIN-AM was the first flagship station of the Trail Blazers’ radio network, beginning in the inaugural 1970-71 season, and ending when the station was sold shortly after the Trail Blazers won the 1976-77 National Basketball Association (NBA) championship. By the 1980s, one of KOIN’s past general managers – Richard M. “Mick” Schafbuch – served one term in 1981 as President of the CBS Network Affiliates Group. During KOIN-TV’s 30th anniversary week in 1983, the station aired classic CBS programming from the 1950s and 1960s. By this time, the station had moved into its new location at KOIN Center. In 1984, the station aired the Japanese program From Oregon With Love. In October 2000, the Lee Enterprises television group, including KOIN, was purchased by Emmis Communications. On January 27, 2006, Emmis sold KOIN (along with KHON-TV/Honolulu, KSNT/Topeka, and KSNW/Wichita) to Montecito Broadcast Group for $259 million. The KOIN Center is the third-tallest skyscraper in Portland. Due to a dispute over fees, Comcast did not offer KOIN in HDTV for over two years after it started offering other local channels in HDTV.[citation needed] After Montecito took ownership, Comcast started carrying KOIN in high-definition on February 28, 2006. KOIN was also in a dispute with DirecTV over HD broadcast, as both sides claimed the other to be the problem.[citation needed]As of August 2008 KOIN HD is now carried on DirecTV. KOIN updated its website in September 2006 as part of a partnership with WorldNow. KOIN expects the switch to lead to over $1 million in revenue during its first year; the switch was characterized by Bob Singer, KOIN’s general sales manager, as a “creative new way” to boost revenue for a station with a “somewhat average ratings position.” On July 24, 2007, Montecito announced the sale of all of its stations (KOIN, plus KHON-TV in Honolulu and its satellites, KSNW in Wichita and its satellites, and KSNT in Topeka) to New Vision Television. The sale closed on November 1, 2007. In March 2008, KOIN relaunched its website through Newport Television subsidiary Inergize Digital Media, replacing the old World Now-powered site. The Web sites of several of its sister stations in other markets also joined the Inergize Digital Network in late December 2008 and early January 2009. On December 30, 2008, one of the 15 guy wires on the main transmitter tower snapped, putting the tower in danger of collapsing. (As with the 1971 tower collapse, this incident followed a prolonged snow and ice storm.) The Portland Police Bureau evacuated about 500 local residents and closed several roads around the tower, including a portion of Skyline Boulevard, the main north-south road through the West Hills of Portland. At first, officials feared that the wire itself — which is over 1000 feet long and weighs several tons — had snapped. If the wire had snapped, it would take several weeks to manufacture and install a replacement. Upon inspection it was revealed that one of the high frequency insulators incorporated into the guy wire assembly had shattered. Repair crews replaced the insulator by 4:00 p.m. the next day and the surrounding neighborhood was reopened to residents and car traffic. KOIN had to pay $1,500 to the FCC. News Operation This section is written like an advertisement. Please help rewrite this section from a neutral point of view. (February 2010) On February 1, 2007, KOIN became the first Portland station to broadcast its daily newscasts in widescreen. According to Oregon Media Insiders, during Montecito’s ownership of KOIN, its local news ratings declined in all time periods; among the four stations producing local news in the Portland area, KOIN had the greatest loss in audience share. For the first time in ten years, KOIN finished in first position in the 11 pm news in the May 2008 NSI sweeps.[citation needed] A strong performance from CBS prime certainly helped. KOIN News 6 at 11nlike a year earlier when it lost over twenty percent of its CBS lead-in shareeld its prime time share throughout its 11 pm newscast in the May 2008 NSI sweeps.[citation needed] In January 2008, KOIN’s owners, New Vision Television, fired news director Jeff Alan and replaced him with Lynn Heider. As a result, KOIN was forced to drop their slogan “Bringing News Home” because Jeff Alan had trademarked it under his name in 2000 before he worked at KOIN. Under new News Director Lynn Heider and long-time Creative Services Director Rodger O’Connor, KOIN News 6 at 11 increased its household ratings from May 2007 to May 2008 by twelve percent and its household share by nineteen percent. It increased its household ratings by 30% from February 2008 to May 2008 and its household share by 33%.[citation needed] According to General Manager Christopher Sehring, “The defining moment for KOIN News came in the third week of the sweeps. Up until then, we were having a strong ratings run against some terrific competition. Unfortunately, we then lost two straight nightsnd I was worried that these losses might shake our new-found confidence. Fortunately, our team roared back on Thursday night, delivering an 8 household rating by increasing Without A Trace 19 share lead-in to a 21 share. This type of comeback is indeed the sign of a station that refuses to toss in the towelnd will go a long way to helping us continue New Vision’s plan to reenergize this great operation.”[citation needed] This was the first time in a decade that KOIN has won any newscast. The hard-fought win at 11 pm was particularly impressive since the May Nielsen is the most important sweeps period of the year[citation needed] — and the 11 pm news is considered the most prestigious newscast of the day for the majority of television stations across the nation.[citation needed] On September 9, 2009 KOIN launched a new local program at 4 p.m. called Keep It Local. The show’s goal is to explore local neighborhoods and events that take place in Portland. Priya David hosts, and Jenny Hanssen, Mike Donahue, and Araksya Karapetyan report for the show every weekday at 4pm. News Team Current personalities Current Anchors Ken Boddie – weekends at 6 and 11 p.m. Priya David – weekdays “Keep It Local” (4 p.m.) Kelley Day – weeknights at 5, 6 and 11 p.m. Alexis Del Cid – weekends at 6 and 11 p.m. Mike Donahue – weekdays at noon and “Keep It Local” (4 p.m.) Jeff Gianola – weeknights at 5, 6 and 11 p.m. Jenny Hansson – weekdays at noon and “Keep It Local” (4 p.m.) Kacey Montoya – weekday mornings “KOIN Local 6 Early” Eric Taylor – weekday mornings “KOIN Local 6 Early” Local 6 Skywatch Weather Team Bruce Sussman – Chief Meteorologist; weeknights at 5, 6 and 11 p.m. Tim Joyce – Meteorologist; weekends at 6 and 11 p.m. Sports Team Dan Christopherson – Sports Director; weeknights at 5, 6 and 11 p.m. Tim Becker – Sports Anchor; fill-in Reporters Lisa Balick – political and “KOIN Savers” feature reporter Ken Boddie – general assignment reporter Alexis Del Cid – general assignment reporter Mike Donahue – general assignment reporter Art Edwards – general assignment reporter Amy Frazier – general assignment reporter Tim Gordon – general assignment reporter Jenny Hansson – health reporter Kohr Harlan – general assignment reporter Joel Iwanaga – general assignment reporter Tim Joyce – general assignment reporter Araksya Karapetyan – general assignment and “Keep It Local” reporter Carly Kennelly – traffic reporter Alana Kujala – general assignment reporter Kacey Montoya – general assignment reporter Jessica Morkert – general assignment reporter Eric Taylor – general assignment reporter Notable alumni Carlos Amezcua – Reporter (now with KTTV in Los Angeles) Christine Chen – Reporter Lars Larson – morning show host of “The Buzz” (1998-2000), now talk radio personality at KXL Rick Metsger – Sports reporter, now politician Charles Royer – Reporter, mayor of Seattle, Washington (1978-1990) Barry Serafin – Reporter News/Station presentation Newscast titles KOIN Television Newsreel (1953-1961) The Six O’Clock Report/The Eleven O’Clock Report (1961-1967) Newscene (1967-1973) Channel 6 News (1973-1976) Newsroom 6 (1976-1994) NewsCenter 6 (1994-1997) KOIN 6 News (1997-2004) KOIN News 6 (2004-2008) KOIN Local 6 News (2008-present) Station Slogans The Northwest’s Most Experienced News Team (1980s-1994) Experience You Can Trust (1994-1997) People Make the Difference (1997-2004) News That’s To the Point (2004-2006) Bringing News Home (2006-2008) This film, television or video-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it with reliably sourced additions. Digital television After the analog television shutdown scheduled for June 12, 2009, KOIN remained on its pre-transition channel number, 40 using PSIP to display KOIN’s virtual channel as 6. On June 12, 2009, KOIN stopped transmitting regularly scheduled programming over its analog transmitter. At 7:28 a.m. on that day, the analog signal (also heard at 87.7 FM) began carrying “nightlight mode” programming consisting of English and Spanish language public service announcements regarding the DTV transition. On June 27, 2009, at 7:06 a.m. KOIN stopped playing the nightlight program and played the station’s 25th anniversary special for their final 24 minutes of channel 6 analog; at 7:30 a.m. analog 6 (and 87.7 FM) was gone. Translators KOIN is rebroadcast on the following network of translator stations. K04CX Channel 4 Cascadia K07YV Channel 7 The Dalles / Goldendale, Washington K09KW Channel 9 Trout Lake, Washington K11NM Channel 11 Monument K29EL Channel 29 La Grande K30IV Channel 30 Enterprise K32DE Channel 32 Pendleton / Hermiston / Umatilla K34DC Channel 34 Astoria K38CZ Channel 38 Newport / Lincoln City K39ES Channel 39 Wasco / Heppner K41GG Channel 41 Rockaway Beach K41IP Channel 41 Longview, Washington K42AI Channel 42 Baker City K43CP Channel 43 Elgin K52ET Channel 52 Tillamook (Moving to Ch. 23) K53EI Channel 53 Hood River (Moving to Ch. 38) K53EK Channel 53 Milton-Freewater (Moving to Ch. 22) K56CD Channel 56 Maupin (Moving to Ch. 19) K58BK Channel 58 Madras / Culver (Moving to Ch. 32) K63AW Channel 63 Grays River, Washington (Moving to Ch. 29) K65AE Channel 65 Terrebonne (Moving to Ch. 34) Low power translators in Florence, Seaside, and Sisters have been discontinued. Bend area translators KBNZ-LD Channel 7 Bend (City Grade Signal-Digital) K04BJ Channel 4 La Pine K31CR-D Channel 31 Bend/Prineville (Wide Area Signal-Digital) K34AI Channel 34 Sunriver K52AK Channel 52 Prineville (City Grade Signal) (CP: to Ch. 47) External links Official website Query the FCC’s TV station database for KOIN BIAfn’s Media Web Database — Information on KOIN-TV Program Information for KOIN at References ^ ^ a b c KOIN History from the station’s website ^ Miller, Joel “J. R.”. “KOIN Transmission Towers Collapse – 1971”. Archived from the original on 2007-10-10. Retrieved 2009-11-23. ^ Oregon Kara Ai wiki ^ …Here comes, from the Oregon Media Insiders blog ^ Nine Station Groups Sign New Partnership Agreements from the WorldNow website ^ Broadcasters Learn the Secrets to Making Online Millions…, from the PR Newswire website ^ Michael Malone (July 24, 2007). “New Vision Buys Montecito Stations”. Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved 2008-05-30. ^ KOIN goes widescreen from the Oregon Media Insiders blog ^ February 2007 Ratings from the Oregon Media Insiders blog ^ ^ CDBS Print vde Broadcast television in Portland/Salem, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington Metro Portland KATU (2.1 ABC, 2.2 This TV) KRCW-LP 5 (The CW) KOIN (6.1 CBS) KGW (8.1 NBC, 8.2 Estrella TV) KOPB-TV (PBS/OPB, 10.1 HD, 10.2 SD, 10.3 “Plus”, 10.4 FM) KPTV (12.1 Fox) KOXI-CA 20 (A1) KNMT (24.1 TBN, 24.2 TCC, 24.3 JCTV, 24.4 Enlace, 24.5 Smile) K26GJ-D (26.1 religious) KORK-CA 35 (HSN) KEVE-LP 36 (Ind) KKEI-CA 38 (TEL) KPXG-LD (42.1 ION, 42.2 Qubo, 42.3 ION Life) KUNP-LP 47 (UNI) KPDX (49.1 MNTV) KOXO-CA 51 (TFR) Metro Salem KOAC (PBS/OPB, 7.1 HD, 7.2 SD, 7.3 “Plus”, 7.4 FM) KORS-CA (16.1 HSN/A1, 16.2 BVM, 16.3 A1) KWVT-LP (17.1 A1, 27.1 RTV) K21GX 21 (religious) KPXG (22.1 ION, 22.2 Qubo, 22.3 ION Life) KSLM-LD (27.1 RTV, 17.1 A1) KRCW-TV (32.1 The CW, 32.2 Universal Sports) K50GG 50 (MNTV) KXPD-LP 52 (AZA) La Grande KTVR (PBS/OPB, 13.1 HD, 13.2 SD, 13.3 “Plus”, 13.4 FM) KUNP (16.1 UNI) K23DB 23 (MNTV) K26FV 26 (NBC) K29EL 29 (CBS) K31GN 31 (The CW) K33FS 33 (FOX) K35GA 35 (ABC) The Dalles K06NI 6 (A1/WSTV) K07YV 7 (CBS) KRHP-LP 14 (FN/Worship/COR) K18HH 18 (ABC) K31HZ 31 (PBS) K51EH 51 (FOX) K59EK 59 (NBC) K69AH 69 (MNTV) Cable-only CSN Northwest CVTV (Vancouver, WA) FSN Northwest Northwest Cable News The Oregon Channel TVW White Springs Television See also Seattle, Eugene, Bend, Yakima/Tri-Cities and Boise TV vde CBS Network Affiliates in the state of Oregon KOIN 6 (Portland) – KBNZ-LD 7* (Bend) – KTVL 10 (Medford / Klamath Falls) – KVAL 13 / KPIC 4 / KCBY 11 (Eugene / Roseburg / Coos Bay) – *Semi-repeater of KOIN, Portland See also: ABC, CBS, CW, Fox, ION, MyNetworkTV, NBC, PBS and Other stations in Oregon Categories: CBS network affiliates

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How To Install A Pet Webcam

You love your pets. I know I sure do. My dog is a very important part of my family and I hate having to leave him alone all day while I’m at work. That is why I installed what I call the ‘PetCam’ – a web enabled IP camera that allows me to check in on my dog from any location via the world wide web. And guess what, it turns out that Fido is quite busy while I’m away – and he has an incredible internal clock – he gets very agitated about an hour before I return home from work – who knew!

Installation of a web enabled Pet Cam is actually quite easy to do. The first thing you need is high speed Internet. Sending video over the web requires both speed and a healthy bandwidth allocation from your internet service provider, so make sure to check with your ISP on any existing bandwidth caps. Both Cable and DSL Internet services are idea for this application.

Next, you will need a router to which you will connect your internet camera. If you want the freedom of a wireless IP camera (recommended), a wireless router will be required. Most IP cameras come with a CAT5 Ethernet connection, but who wants cables running all over the house! This article assumes that you already have a router installed and functioning with a high speed Internet service.

Now comes the fun part – selecting the right camera for the job. Because we are looking at transmitting video over the Internet, the best choice is an Internet IP camera. Do not confuse these cameras with a webcam. Although they might look similar, Internet cameras are a small computers with a built in web server. Unlike a webcam, they are independent entities that do not require an external computer to function. They are the ultimate independent contractor!

Keep in mind that most Internet IP cameras work with CMOS video sensors, therefore even if night vision is offered, it probably won’t work very well – these cameras are meant for daytime applications.

I strongly recommend the Linksys WVC54GCA and DLINK DCS950G Internet Cameras – both are great entry level IP cameras that will get the job done and can be purchased at a reasonable cost (between $100 to $150 US dollars). More advanced (and expensive) models add features such as Pan and Zoom – nice to have features, but not must haves.

If you already have a DLINK or Linksys router, it may be a good idea to stick with the same manufacturer for your Internet Camera as the included documentation will provide more specific router configuration information.

OK, so how do we get this remarkable little device to broadcast video to the Internet. The first thing we need to do is configure the new internet camera. This usually involves establishing a wired connection to the camera from your router. You then load the configuration software onto your computer and proceed with the setup as specified by the documentation.

The first thing the software will do is detect the new camera and have you specify a unique IP address for the device – try to avoid using DHCP, as a static IP address is preferable. If you are using a wireless camera, you will need to configure the wireless settings for the camera, including any security passwords for WEP or WPA. Additionally, you will need to identify and document the port number used by the camera to communicate with the outside world (some cameras let you choose the port).

If your internet service does not provide a static IP address, you will need to open an account with a dynamic DNS service provider such as This service provides you with a free domain name which will automatically detect any changes to your home IP address. Most cameras will have a configuration page where you can enter your dynamic DNS settings.

All that is left is to do is open a port on your router, a process referred to as port forwarding. This will allow the camera to communicate with the outside world in a secure fashion.

This may all sound a bit complex, but it is actually quite easy to do if you are even mildly tech savvy. If you need assistance, a quick call to your local Nerds on Wheels service should have you up and running in no time at all.

Hong Kong Identity Card – 3G GPS Tracker Manufacturer – Pet Tracking Device

History Demographics and Culture of Hong Kong Demographics Census Healthcare Hong Kong People Hong Kong Resident Hong Kong Identity Card Languages Religion Right to abode Culture Cinema Cuisine Holidays Shopping Manhua Music Opera Sport Other Hong Kong topics Economy Education Geography History Politics Hong Kong Portal This box: viewtalkedit Hong Kong has a long history of utilising identity documents, ranging from the earliest system, a manually-filled paper document, to the smart card introduced on 23 June 2003. The use of identity documents in Hong Kong’s has not, from their original issue to the present day, aroused much controversy. (On the other hand, the British national identity card, utilising similar technology to the smart card HKID, met heavy criticism.) Before the Chinese Communists took over mainland China in 1949, people could move freely into and out of Hong Kong (then a British colony), and China (then Republic of China). Hong Kong residents who held Republic of China citizenship were not registered. In 1949, when the Government of the Republic of China retreated to Taiwan and the Communists established People’s Republic of China on the mainland, the Hong Kong Government began to register Hong Kong residents in order to issue compulsory identity documents. These measures were put into practice in order to halt the large influx of refugees from Communist China and control the border with mainland China. This exercise was completed in 1951. Although registration was compulsory for all residents, people were not required to carry their documents with them at all times when going into public. Beginning on 1 June 1960, the government introduced the second generation of ID cards. These bore the holder’s fingerprint and photograph, and an official stamp. The information was typed, and the card was laminated. Males had a blue card and females had a red card. The format of card was replaced once more in November 1973, this time with a card which bore the holder’s photograph but no fingerprint. The colour of the stamp identified and differentiated permanent residents (black) from non-permanent ones (green). Because of this, new immigrants became known as “green stamp tourists” (Chinese: ). From 24 October 1980, it became compulsory to carry one’s identity card when in public areas and to produce it when requested by a police or immigration officer. This law was passed in order to halt the waves of illegal immigrants arriving in the city. The government adopted a policy of deporting illegal immigrants to China within three days if they could not produce a valid ID card. From March 1983, a new generation of identity cards was introduced, using a digital process in order to reduce forgery. This also simplified border controls. On 1 June 1987, the Immigration Department produced cards without the right-of-abode, which would last through the handover on 1 July 1997. In 2003, the government began replacing the cards with smart IDs in stages. Classes of HKID Two classes of Hong Kong Identity Cards exist: Hong Kong Permanent Identity Card – states that the holder has the right of abode in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Hong Kong Identity Card – which does not state that right. In addition, these are further divided into “child” (below age 11; see note below), “youth” (from age 11 up until 18), and “adult” (issued from age 18 onwards). (note: it is not compulsory to obtain a “child” identity card, and one is normally issued when a child obtains a HKSAR passport. A “child” identity card must be replaced by a “youth” identity card when the holder reaches age 11.) Thus, there are six types of ID cards in total. Permanent HKID and Right of Abode Paper Hong Kong Permanent Identity Card Permanent HKID holders have the Right of Abode (Chinese: ) in Hong Kong. Under the Basic Law of Hong Kong, a person who belongs to one of the following categories is a permanent resident of the HKSAR with right of abode privileges: (a) Chinese citizen born in Hong Kong before or after the establishment of the HKSAR (b) Chinese citizen who has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of not less than seven years before or after the establishment of the HKSAR. (c) Person of Chinese nationality born outside Hong Kong before or after the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to a parent who, at the time of birth of that person, was a Chinese citizen falling within category (a) or (b). (d) Person not of Chinese nationality who has entered Hong Kong with a valid travel document, has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of not less than seven years and has taken Hong Kong as his place of permanent residence before or after the establishment of the HKSAR. (e) Person under 21 years of age born in Hong Kong to a parent who is a permanent resident of the HKSAR in category (d) before or after the establishment of the HKSAR if at the time of his birth or at any later time before he attains 21 years of age, one of his parents has the ROA in Hong Kong. (f) Person other than those residents in categories (a) to (e), who, before the establishment of the HKSAR, had the ROA in Hong Kong only. Paper versions of the Hong Kong Identity card (such as the one on the right) are issued by the Registration of Persons Office for temporary use until a smart card can be manufactured. This process requires two weeks, and the smart card must be collected within six weeks. Hong Kong Identity Card The following conditions are required to receive a non-permanent Hong Kong Identity Card: (to be expanded) Right to Land – free from any condition of stay (including a limit of stay) or removal from HKSAR (and does not posssess the right of abode) Anyone 11 years of age or above who enters and is permitted to stay in Hong Kong for more than 180 days Eligibility Residents of Hong Kong are required to obtain an HKID card at the age of 11. Hong Kong residents age 18 or over are required to carry legal identification with them at all times (that is, the HKID card). Bearers of a “youth” HKID card must switch to an “adult” HKID within 30 days after their 18th birthday. The “youth” card will be invalid as re-entry travel document 30 days after the 18th birthday. If used, the “youth” HKID card will be seized by the Immigration Department. Immigration officials will issue a receipt which can be used as a temporary identity document until the “adult” HKID card is ready. However, this receipt cannot be used as a travel document, and if the card holder needs to travel outside Hong Kong during this period, they need to get a re-entry permit (for travels to Macau and Mainland China), or passport in order to pass through the immigration checkpoint. The HKID for children under the age of 11 are not required to have a photo and cannot be used as a travel document. A Hong Kong Re-entry Permit is issued in its place. HKID number HKID cards contain the bearer’s HKID number, of which the standard format is X123456(A). X represents any letter of the alphabet, or the letter U followed by any letter of the alphabet (UH and UY are common but others exist. These are usually given to mothers who have just given birth, but may or may not have right of abode in Hong Kong, and are therefore temporary until a proper number can be established, and used most commonly in hospitals. Also, the babies cannot hold HKIDs but hospital filing systems are based on ID number, hence the need to assign temporary ones). The numerals may represent any Arabic number. A is the check digit, which has 11 possible values from 0 to 9 and A. There are 26 million possible card numbers using only one letter, and while the numbers of those who have died are not reassigned, there are still sufficient numbers in the near future. Calculating HKID Check Digit Each leading alphabet of the HKID corresponds to a number like so: A,L,W: 1 B,M,X: 2 C,N,Y: 3 D,O,Z: 4 E,P : 5 F,Q : 6 G,R : 7 H,S : 8 I,T : 9 J,U : 10 K,V : 11 Given X123456, Replace the first character by its corresponding number (2123456). To the entire HKID, multiply that digit by (9-position). X has position 8. Add all those numbers up and find the modulus of this number when divided by 11. The check digit is 11 minus the above number. If it happens to be 10, it will be replaced by “X”. Meanings of the symbols on the face of a smart identity card First generation of computerised HKID Second generation of computerised HKID Name in Chinese (if any) Name in English Name in Chinese Commercial Code (if any) Sex Date of birth Symbols Holder’s digital image Month and year of first registration Date of registration Identity card number (Note) Symbol Description *** the holder is of the age of 18 or over and is eligible for a Hong Kong Re-entry Permit. * the holder is between the age of 11 and 17 and is eligible for a Hong Kong Re-entry Permit. A the holder has the right of abode in the HKSAR. C the holder’s stay in the HKSAR is limited by the Director of Immigration at the time of his registration of the card. R the holder has a right to land in the HKSAR. U the holder’s stay in the HKSAR is not limited by the Director of Immigration at the time of his registration of the card. Z the holder’s place of birth reported is Hong Kong. X the holder’s place of birth reported is the Mainland. W the holder’s place of birth reported is the region of Macau. O the holder’s place of birth reported is in other countries. B the holder’s reported date of birth or place of birth has been changed since his/ her first registration. N the holder’s reported name has been changed since his/ her first registration. Note: The check digit in brackets is not part of the identity card number. It is only for facilitating computer data processing. Hong Kong Smart Identity Cards On 23 June 2003, anyone who had lost or damaged a card, who had just reached 11 and was about to apply for their first card, who had just reached 18 and was about to change their card, or adults who were about to apply for their first card, was issued with a smart ID instead of the old card. Between August 2003 to 2007, all Hong Kong ID cards were replaced, in order of the holder’s birth year, starting with 1960 and later, then earlier. On 23 June 2003, the Immigration Department of Hong Kong began issuing a new revised Smart Identity card. The new cards contain an embedded microchip, which stores the bearer’s information electronically. Previous HKIDs remain valid until the Executive Council, through the Secretary for Security, declares them invalid. Any new cards issued (for example, on loss, renewal or new application) were of the new Smart Identity Card type. In addition, existing holders of HKID documents were called to apply to have their old-style HKID documents replaced by the new cards. This eligibility was offered to existing HKID holders based their date of birth on a rolling basis in order to prevent the volume of applications exceeding the pace at which the government could issue these revised documents. The Government of Hong Kong has been gradually moving the window of applicants eligible for replacement. Persons born in 1993 to 1996 or 1986 to 1989 should have applied/apply for smart identity cards at the Registration of Persons Offices when they attain the age of 11 or 18. The introduction of Smart Identity Cards was, amongst other things, motivated partially by the influx of counterfeit HKID documents being produced in China, and partially in order to speed up processing at Hong Kong’s Immigration checkpoints, especially into Shenzhen, China, where in 2002, an estimated 7,200 Hong Kong residents commuted daily to Shenzhen for work, and 2,200 students from Shenzhen commuted to school in Hong Kong. See also Identity document History of Hong Kong MyKad, Malaysia’s ID card National identification number National Registration Identity Card, Singapore’s ID card Resident Identity Card (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Jmn Shnfnzhng, used in the People’s Republic of China) National Identification Card (Republic of China) (traditionalChinese: , used in the ROC) Right of abode issue, Hong Kong Hongkonger References ^ a b “” Hong Kong 2006. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. ^ a b c d “” The government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. ^ a b c d e “” Registration of persons, proof of identity. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. ^ Immigration Ordinance (Chapter 115) Section 17C, Hong Kong Law ^ ^ “” ‘Smart ID FAQ. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. External links Hong Kong Immigration Department’s page on Hong Kong Identity Cards Who can enjoy the Right of Abode in the HKSAR? Hong Kong Smart ID card Information Centre Hong Kong ID cards in different phases Hong Kong Capital Investment Entrant Scheme vde Travel Documents Used in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passport Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport Other Documents issued by Hong Kong Government Hong Kong Identity Card  Document of Identity  Hong Kong Re-entry Permit Other Documents used by Hong Kong Residents Home Return Permit  One-way Permit  Exit & Entry Permit (Republic of China)  British National (Overseas) passport British Citizen passport (British Nationality Selection Scheme) Defunct Documents Hong Kong Certificate of Identity  British Dependent Territories Citizen passport vde National Identity cards By continent Africa Algeria Botswana Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde DR Congo Rep. Congo Djibouti Egypt7 Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Ghana Ivory Coast  Kenya Libya Madagascar Mauritius Morocco Namibia Nigeria Rwanda Seychelles South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Tunisia Asia Abkhazia9 Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Brunei Burma People’s Republic of China (Hong Kong SAR  Macau SAR)  Republic of China (Taiwan)8 Cyprus2 Georgia India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait North Korea South Korea Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Nepal Oman Pakistan Philippines Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Syria Thailand Turkey1 Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Vietnam  Yemen Oceania Australia New Zealand Papua New Guinea Europe Albania Andorra Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark3 Estonia Finland France3 Germany Gibraltar Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kosovo5 Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia4 Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands3 Norway3 Poland Portugal3 Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain3 Sweden Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom3 Vatican City North America Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago United States6 South America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname Uruguay Venezuela International organizations Andean Community of Nations Caribbean Community European Union United Nations Laissez-Passer By type Biometric Internal Machine-readable Other Alien Camouflage Fake Hajj Laissez-passer Pet World Defunct British Indian Empire Czechoslovakia East Germany League of Nations refugee Soviet Union Yugoslavia Notes 1Has part of its territory in Europe. 2Entirely in West Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe. 3Has dependencies or similar territories outside Europe. 4Name disputed by Greece; see Macedonia naming dispute. 5Declared independence from Serbia on February 17, 2008 and is recognised by 65 United Nations member states. 6Has part of its territory outside North America. 7Has part of its territory outside Africa. 8The Republic of China (Taiwan) is not officially recognized by the United Nations but maintains diplomatic relations with 23 UN member states. 9Declared independence from Georgia and is recognised by 2 United Nations member states. Categories: Identification

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About The Aquablock Fish Tanks & Aquariums

The AQUABLOCK, a glass fish aquarium, was created based upon the desire to bring together a balance of nature, dcor, and the tranquility of aquatic life. These aquariums are small in size making them ideal for any desktop or tabletop. They are also portable and easy to clean because the colorful gravel is glued down, which makes the tanks perfect as a childs first pet. The AquaBlock fish aquariums offer a variety of options to customize and personalize each tank.

Betta fish swim easily in our desktop sized tanks. Also referred to as “Japanese Fighting Fish” or “Puddle Fish,” Betta are appealing to people because of their large flowing, colorful fins. These enchanting fins can be irresistible to other fish that may be tempted to take a nibble. So, keeping a Betta in its own tank is not mean or punishment, but can be helpful to a Bettas survival. Betta fish belong to the group Anabantoids, or “air-breathing.” This air breathing feature is unique and is absent in most other fish. Their air breathing organ allows the Betta to live in low oxygenated water. They swim to the surface and actually take a breath through its mouth, which then passes air over its labyrinth organ at the base of its gills where the air is extracted enabling the fish to breath.

There have been many studies that indicate there are health benefits to having fish, or pet, in the home. Researchers at the State University of New York, Buffalo studied the outcome of pet ownership in 48 stockbrokers being treated for hypertension. 24 of the stockbrokers received a pet and the results found a significant reduction in their high blood pressure, a larger reduction than in those who did not receive a pet. “Most studies show a direct benefit from stroking a pet, for example, but this one goes a step further in that the act of owning a pet lowered blood pressure,” says Alan Entin, Ph.D., past president of the division of family psychology of the American Psychological Association. Published in the Journal for Occupational Health Psychology, one study reviewed businesses that allow pets vs. businesses that do not. The results show signs that pets actually improved the work environment, and amplified the employees mental health and mood.

The benefits are endless – The AquaBlock makes a great gift with multiple, custom design options in order to create the perfect glass fish tank for any child or busy office. The AQUABLOCKs are decorative, desktop sized tanks (8”H x 8”L x 3”W) that couldnt be easier to clean. NO filters, NO pumps, NO mess! All aquariums are hand crafted making no two the same and come with a custom carrying case.

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